Wash & Dry

How to Wash Your Car Without Scratching? – 2 Methods

Written by Howell Crist / Fact checked by Sam Howard

how to wash your car without scratching

While we all know the importance of keeping a car squeaky clean, too much of a good thing could be bad for your paint job.

Scrubbing at stubborn stains or wiping furiously at wet patches with abrasive fabrics are some of the main reasons why people end up scratching their car. This can be pretty discouraging, but don’t worry! There are ways to keep your car both clean and scratch-free. It’s simply a matter of proper materials and proper technique.

Here are two tried-and-tested methods that show how to wash your car without scratching it.

Ways to Wash Your Car Without Scratching the Paint Job


There are two commonly-practiced methods to manually wash cars: (1) the Touchless Method, and (2) The 2 Bucket Method.

1. The Touchless Car Wash Method

What to Prepare

  • Pressure Washer – a hose with an adjustable nozzle will work, too. Just ensure that water pressure is strong
  • Foam Cannon or Foam Gun Attachment
  • Snow Foam or Pre-Wash
  • Air Dryer
  • Car Wash Soap/Solution – the best option is a highly-rated pH-balanced shampoo or solution
  • Car Dryer – these are purpose-built machines. If you don’t have one or can’t source one, a leaf blower will work just as well
  • Wax/sealant for UV protection (optional)

The Touchless Car Wash Method is, by far, the best way to wash a car without scratching it. Less contact minimizes the risk of damaging the paint job. However, for car owners on a budget, this method may not be a viable option – it can be quite pricey!

This method is also meant as a general wash. If you need to remove deep dirt from a car, professionals say it’s not as effective as other methods.

Step 1: Start with the Pressure Washer

Rinse the whole vehicle with a pressure washer. This won’t get rid of car wash scratches, but it will soften and loosen the baked-in dirt, mud, and grime spots enough that they just slide right off.

Make sure to hit every corner and crevice of the car body, but be careful when aiming the pressure washer at the vulnerable and potentially weak points of your car – like your car’s side mirrors, window seals, etc.

Step 2: Pre-wash or Pre-rinse


Thoroughly coat the car with snow foam or pre-wash/pre-rinse products. Let it sit for about five minutes before rinsing it off. That should be enough time for the product to lift off any dirt deposits that pose a threat to your paint job.

However, we strongly suggest you check the product’s recommended dwelling time as well. Five minutes is the general average, but some products may be more effective with a longer or shorter dwelling period.

Step 3: Apply Car Wash Soap Using Foam Cannon


Once you’ve completely rinsed off all the snow foam/pre-wash, you then need to coat the car in your chosen car soap. You can do that using a foam cannon or foam gun. Don’t be afraid to spray an ample amount – especially if the car hasn’t been washed in a while.

As with the pre-rinse, allow the product to sit for a couple minutes before washing it all off with fresh water. The dwelling time will still vary from product to product, but experts recommend an average of five minutes.

Step 4: Rinse your car

Once the soap/shampoo has had enough time to work its magic, rinse it off using the pressure washer or hose. Be as thorough as possible. Don’t be afraid to make several passes in the same area to ensure there are no suds left behind.

Step 5: Dry it thoroughly


This is a crucial step. As mentioned earlier, the Touchless method drastically minimizes the risk of scratches from car wash because of the lack of contact. Ergo, you won’t be using microfiber towels to dry the car.

However, leaving a car to air dry is also not recommended. This can cause water spots that, when left unattended, may damage the car’s paint job.

Instead, use a car dryer or a leaf blower to properly blow dry your car using warm, filtered, controlled air.

(Optional) Step 6: Finish Up with Wax or Sealant

If you want to lock in your car’s shiny finish (and potentially prevent future scratches and swirl marks), hit your paint job with some spray wax! Certain formulations offer multiple benefits like UV protection or chemical resistance.

2. The 2 Bucket Car Wash Method

What to Prepare

  1. Two (2) Buckets
  2. Snow Foam or Pre-Wash
  3. Grit Guard Inserts – optional but highly recommended
  4. Microfiber Wash Mitt
  5. Car Wash Soap/Solution – a pH-balanced car wash shampoo is ideal
  6. Hose
  7. Microfiber Cloths – though one is enough, it’s recommended that you prepare as many as you can
  8. Spray Wax or Sealant – optional but highly recommended

The 2 Bucket Method is the best way to wash a car with a bucket of water at home. In this case, you will need two buckets.

Step 1: Start with the Wheels

We recommend washing your wheels first. A car’s tires are understandably prone to dirt and grime buildup since they’re in direct contact with the road. Thoroughly washing them before washing the body of the car minimizes risk of paint damage due to dirt scratching the surface.

Make sure you use a different set of supplies (wash mitt, cloths, bucket, brush, etc.) when washing the wheels to avoid cross-contamination.

Step 2: Pre-wash or Pre-rinse

Apply pre-wash products or snow foam to the car and allow to sit for five minutes before thoroughly rinsing off the car. This step is especially important when utilizing the 2 Bucket method.

Pre-washing is one of the best ways to achieve a clean paint job without swirl marks and scratches. It removes as much grime as possible before the actual wash process, keeping potential surface abrasions to a minimum.

If you don’t have snow foam or pre-wash products, Detail DIY recommends rinsing the vehicle off thoroughly with a hose. Though not as extensive, this soapless bath will still get rid of the larger, looser bits of dirt that could potentially damage the paint.

Step 3: Separate Your Buckets

This step is quick, but it explains the name of the method. You should have two buckets; one filled with car shampoo (for washing) and the other one filled with water (for rinsing).

Step 4: Wash Sections of the Car with the Soap/Shampoo Mixture

Dip a microfiber wash mitt in the bucket with the car wash shampoo solution until it’s thoroughly soaked and soaped up. Then start washing the body of the vehicle.

Don’t try to wash the whole car at once! You should wash in small sections using straight, overlapping lines.

It’s important that you avoid using circular motions when washing, rinsing, and drying your car. This is one of the worst things you can do to your car’s paint job.

Step 5: Frequently Rinse the Microfiber Mitt in Fresh, Clean Water

In between washing sections, thoroughly soak your mitt in the bucket of clean water. This will rinse off the dirt and grime residue the microfibers picked up during the washing.

Grit guard inserts trap dirt and grime particles that are rinsed off the mitt. This keeps them from floating around in the rinsing water and – potentially – sticking to the microfibers again every time you soak your mitt.

Step 6: Rinse the Car Wash Soap/Shampoo Off with a Hose

Once you’re confident you’ve thoroughly soaped down every part of your car, you need to rinse the shampoo off. Hose down the car to make sure you get every area.

Step 7: Use a Microfiber Towel to Dry Off the Car

When you wash a car by hand, do not leave your car to air dry. Water spots, when left unattended, can actually damage the clear coat of your car’s paint job.

Take a microfiber towel and use it to dry your car. Be quick – but careful – during this step. Pay special attention to places where water could pool, like ledges and divots. And remember to avoid using circular motions when drying.

If your current towel gets too damp to dry effectively, replace it with a fresh towel.

(Optional) Step 8: Finish Up with Wax or Sealant

Prevention plays a huge factor in keeping clean car paint. Aside from knowing to wash your car without scratching it, actively protecting your car’s paint job from scratches and abrasions makes for more effective maintenance in the long run.

Car wax and sealants are specially formulated to make a car scratch-proof. They add a shiny finish to the freshly-cleaned paint job, too!

Helpful Tips/FAQs


How do you properly wash and dry your car without touching it no swirl marks?

As mentioned earlier, the Touchless car wash method is the best way to avoid leaving scratches, abrasions, and swirl marks. So if you need to wash a new car and don’t want to mess up the surface at all, opt for the Touchless car wash method.

Also, to clean snow off car without scratching, the Touchless method should work fine.

Alternatively, the 2 Bucket method can be just as effective – as long as you’re very careful with your supplies and your technique. There’s still the risk of causing swirl marks and abrasions due to physical contact, but it can be minimized through caution.

How do you clean a black car without scratching it?

The best way to achieve a clean black car is by using the 2 Bucket method. Be as gentle as possible, rinse your microfiber washing mitts as often as possible, and always avoid circular motions when washing and drying the car.

For more details, click here to learn more steps to clean the back car properly.

Do car washes make scratches worse?

Unfortunately, yes. Automatic car washes are a major cause of paintwork getting damaged. Washing your car by hand remains the safer option.

If you’re wondering, “car wash scratched my car, what to do?” It may be time to invest in supplies for the Touchless or 2 Bucket car wash method.


So, there you have it; the two best car washing methods. Now that you’ve a better idea of how to wash your car without scratching it, you can review both options and decide which one is better suited for your situation.

If you have the budget for it, the Touchless car wash method is a nice, easy, contactless procedure that doesn’t require a lot of elbow grease. But if you want to better regulate your car’s cleaning – and you don’t mind putting in the physical work – you may find the 2 Bucket method a better choice.

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Our chief editor is Sam Howard. The vast market of car care necessitates extensive research. He entered the market, experienced the service, and reported customer feedback in order to provide the best advice and content to car owners. We have faith in him to turn our website into a reliable resource for all car owners.

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